Visual fibre composites #16

Experiment

Research

The study of visual fibre composites was made in collaboration between textile engineer, Karen Marie Hasling and textile designer, Louise Ravnløkke, both researchers at Design School Kolding. The study challenged the conception of fibre composites, putting emphasis on aesthetic potentials exploring the visual expression of the textile component(s) in the fabric/plastic composite using various textile printing techniques.

Material

Composite
Fiber
Plastics and resins

Craft

Printing
Textiles

General Technique

Combining
Surface modifying

Specific Technique

Screen printing with burn-out
Thermo-compression moulding

Properties & Qualities

Application

Architecture Lighting Product

Qualities

2D Rigid Translucent

Colour

White

Sample Information

Date of creation

2011

Dimensions

Max size 40x40 cm Thickness 3-5 mm

Culture & Context

Fibre composites are predominantly used for functional application, where the fibre serves as reinforcement for a plastic matrix. Often the composition itself is often covered by a finish to protect the composites from wear and tear. However, this also makes the textile component invisible and from a visual perspective passive. By emphasizing the aesthetic value of the textile component, the researchers have explored new and visual potentials of the material composition. In doing soe researchers have experimented with traditional textile design skills such as layers of textile, textures, patterns and colours.

Process & Production

The manufactured fiber composite laminate consists of alternating layers of textiles and PLA-sheets.
The main function of the textiles is to contribute to the overall visual impact, while secondary function is to provide strength and stability. The visual textile laminas have been made of woven, knitted and non-woven fabrics mainly from natural fibers being dyed, printed and elsewise treated in different manners. The stabilizing textile laminas have been made of a plain cotton weave.
The laminates have been manufactured in an industrialized thermo consolidation device at the Fiber Laboratory, Department for Materials Research, Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy.
The process conditions were set to heating the lay-up to 190°C for 5 min in
vacuum followed by consolidation for 1 min under pressure.
The manufacturing device enabled laminates with the dimensions 40x40cm; large enough to give an indication of the workability of the given material combination, but too small to fully understand its visual strength.

In the specific sample, the following textile have been applied: 
Double jacquard fine knitting in silk and viscose crepe yarns creating a two-layered structure.

You can read more about the study here:
Hasling, K. M. (2012). Biokompositter – fremtidens vidundermateriale. In: Innovation, strategisk udvikling og kreativitet – designforskning i virksomheder (in Danish)
Hasling, K.M. (2011). Visual Bio-composites – Establishing New Conditions for an Old Material. In: Hallnäs (ed). Proceedings of Ambience ’11, pp. 152-157 (conference proceedings)

Credits

Craft Maker

Karen Marie Hasling Louise Ravnløkke

Library Contributor

Design School Kolding

Photographer

Evy Cornelissen