Properties & Qualities
Architecture Lighting Product
2D Rigid Translucent
Date of Creation
Max. dimensions of sample: 40cm x 40 cm, thickness 3-5 mm depending on number of layers
Culture & Context
Fibre composites are predominantly used for functional application, where the fibre serves as reinforcement for a plastic matrix. Often the composition itself is often covered by a finish to protect the composites from wear and tear. However, this also makes the textile component invisible and from a visual perspective passive.
By emphasizing the aesthetic value of the textile component, the researchers have explored new and visual potentials of the material composition. In doing soe researchers have experimented with traditional textile design skills such as layers of textile, textures, patterns and colours.
Process & Production
The manufactured fiber composite laminate consists of alternating layers of textiles and PLA-sheets. The main function of the textiles is to contribute to the overall visual impact, while secondary function is to provide strength and stability. The visual textile laminas have been made of woven, knitted and non-woven fabrics mainly from natural fibers being dyed, printed and elsewise treated in different manners. The stabilizing textile laminas have been made of a plain cotton weave.
The laminates have been manufactured in an industrialized thermo consolidation device at the Fiber Laboratory, Department for Materials Research, Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy.
The process conditions were set to heating the lay-up to 190°C for 5 min in vacuum followed by consolidation for 1 min under pressure. The manufacturing device enabled laminates with the dimensions 40x40cm; large enough to give an indication of the workability of the given material combination, but too small to fully understand its visual strength.
In the specific sample, the following textiles have been applied:
Layer 1: Burnout, metallic/polyester woven fabric
Layer 2: Burnout, metallic/polyester woven fabric
Layer 3: Woven silk fabric with water colour painting using reactive dyes (Remazol)
You can read more about the study here:
Hasling, K. M. (2012). Biokompositter – fremtidens vidundermateriale. In: Innovation, strategisk udvikling og kreativitet – designforskning i virksomheder (in Danish).
Hasling, K.M. (2011). Visual Bio-composites – Establishing New Conditions for an Old Material. In: Hallnäs (ed). Proceedings of Ambience ’11, pp. 152-157 (link to conference proceedings: http://hb.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A887476&dswid=-34)
Karen Marie Hasling Louise Ravnløkke
Design School Kolding
Impressed clay tile
Sample of slab rolled clay with impressed object
Graphic patterns with clear delineation of shapes can also be prepared without a raster
Press moulded bricks in wooden brick mould.
Visual fiber composites #2
Material sample from study exploring the aesthetic potentials with textile / plastic composites
Wood Fired Bricks
Bricks fired in wood kiln
Azulejo tile glazing
A different approach to traditional Azulejo tile glazing, where plants were used as resists
Laser engraved wood, binary pattern
Laser Engraved Birch 3mm Plywood created utilising a geometric design on a laser cutter.
Laser Raster Wood ‘Waves’
Laser Rastered Birch 4mm Plywood Created utilising a Geometric Design on a Laser Cutter